Trend in the educational gap in birth outcomes in the Czech Republic
ŠTÍPKOVÁ, M. Trend in the educational gap in birth outcomes in the Czech Republic. Praha, 2015.
|Anglický název:||Trend in the educational gap in birth outcomes in the Czech Republic|
|Autoři:||Mgr. Martina Štípková Ph.D.|
|Abstrakt EN:||There is a large and persistent gap in birth weight between newborns of women with low and high education in the Czech Republic. However, its size varies by time. The proposed paper aims to explain the variability in the educational gap in birth weight. Two factors are hypothesized to influence it, the variation in life conditions and health care. The first explanation supposes that economic uncertainty elevates stress and worsens life conditions of mothers and thus influences birth weight negatively. The effect should be larger for children born to mothers with less education, because they are more vulnerable at the labour market. The second explanation reflects the fact that the number of births temporarily elevated because large cohorts of women reached childbearing age. It expects that when more mothers crowd for health care, its quality may suffer and lead to a worse birth outcome. I suppose the impact to be stronger among the less educated women who have fewer resources (of various kinds) to compensate for the crowding effect. The analysed data come from the national birth register and cover period between 1990 and 2014. Results support the hypotheses only partially.|