Spread of nonmarital childbearing in the Czech Republic since 1990: its causes and consequences for the health of newborns
ŠTÍPKOVÁ, M. Spread of nonmarital childbearing in the Czech Republic since 1990: its causes and consequences for the health of newborns. Vídeň, 2013.
|Anglický název:||Spread of nonmarital childbearing in the Czech Republic since 1990: its causes and consequences for the health of newborns|
|Autoři:||Mgr. Martina Štípková Ph.D.|
|Abstrakt EN:||The proportion of Czech children whose mothers are not married increased more than four times since 1990. I use data from the national birth register for period 1990-2010 to answer two research questions: 1. how did unmarried motherhood and its socioeconomic background change; 2. how did these changes influence disparities in birth weight by family arrangement. The analysis shows that unmarried motherhood gradually shifted from being mainly a result of unsatisfactory partnership situation to a predominantly two-parent arrangement. Although nonmarital childbearing became more common in all educational groups, there is a persistent negative educational gradient in unmarried motherhood. Causes of these trends are sought for in shift of values, economic conditions and welfare policy reforms. Along with the prevalence of nonmarital childbearing, its implications for the health of newborns changed as well. Children born to unmarried mothers tend to have a lower birth weight. The marital status gap in birth weight narrowed substantially as nonmarital childbearing became more common in the Czech Republic. Two sources of the convergence are evaluated: the changing association of unmarried motherhood with maternal characteristics and change in the net effect of marital status.|